CBC – Programme

Community Based Conservation (CBC)

We are reaching the Unreached Indigenous Tribe with a view to secure community support in the conservation of biodiversity and promoting healthy life style.


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Indigenous Tribe

Preserving the Traditional Ecological Knowledge, religion and cultures among the Indigenous tribal communities in Northeast India, Himalaya region and Southeast Asia. Northeast alone constitutes a single linguistic region with above 220 languages in multiple language families, with five language families (Tai-Kadai, Tibeto-Burman, Indo-Aryan, Dravidan, Austroasiatic) amongst its seven states, . The Neolithic culture of Northeastern India is distinguished by the predominance of shouldered celts and the characteristic Cord-impressed pottery.

Name of the site Ceramic types References
Daojali Hading of Assam Cord-impressed pottery; Incised pottery; Plain Fine Red ware Sharma, 1967
Kamla valley of Arunachal Pradesh Plain coarse ware; Cord-impressed Coarse Red ware; Stamped Coarse Brown/Red ware; Stamped (square grid) Buff ware Grooved; Coarse/Fine Buff ware; Plain Brown ware Ashraf, 1990
Phunan Hills of Manipur Plain wares; Stamped wares; Incised wares; Cord-impressed wares; wares with circular spots and Appliqué wares. Singh, 1993

Ceramic types of three important sites of Northeast India

Indigenous Tribe 1

The strong influence of the Neolithic culture of China and Southeast Asia is one of the prominent factors in the origin and development of the Neolithic culture of Northeast India, especially for the origin of pottery and agriculture. Though we are in want of absolute dates for the origin of pottery and agriculture in this region, we can presume that the cultural elements possibly entered Northeast India from the Neolithic cultures of China and Southeast Asia. This presumption is based on three aspects; the migration of people, linguistic relationships, and archaeological affinity. The time period of the migration of the Tibeto-Burman and Austro-Asiatic language families of Northeast India is not known, but on the basis of the archaeological affinity, it can be correlated to the expansion of the culture and migration of the people of China and Southeast Asia during the Neolithic period. Moreover in today’s northeast, tribal’s are not “head hunters”; on the contrary they are content with TEK and the guards to the gift of Natures resources in their own land. While many tribes like Zakhring had been obliterate or transformed into Meyors in old Lohit district through India’s first route to Lasa, in the eastern extremity the borders of India, China and Burma (Myanmar) meet at what is called the ‘Tri-Junction’ Walong being the heart of 1962 – Indo-China War in the Lohit Valley.

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